In the last fifteen years, the Chinese science and technology sectors have undergone a transformation. Currently, Chinese companies and public institutions are among global leaders in key technologies such as electrified transportation, supercomputing and big data, artificial intelligence, space flight, molecular diagnostics, DNA sequencing etc. Such rapid transformation has been achieved with a mixture of cultural, governmental, financial and market factors. The combination of long term planning, consistent financial support, active recruitment of overseas Chinese talent combined with the local characteristics of east Asian societies allowed the Chinese Science and Technology sector to repeat and even exceed the successes of their Japanese and Korean counterparts. Meanwhile, the sheer size of the Chinese population and economy suggests its leading global role in the years to come. However, due to perception, distance, and communication barriers, the current status of Chinese Science and Technology sectors, its overall structure and characteristics are generally poorly understood in the West. This lecture provides a glimpse into the Chinese education, science and technology sectors and highlights some fields where valuable lessons could be learned.